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Title: Investigation of the electrical properties of Si₁-xGex channel pMOSFETs with high-κ dielectrics
Author: Dobbie, Andrew
Awarding Body: University of Warwick
Current Institution: University of Warwick
Date of Award: 2007
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It is now apparent that the continued performance enhancements of silicon metal-oxide-semiconductor field effect transistors (MOSFETs) can no longer be met by scaling alone. High-mobility channel materials such as strained Si1-xGex and Ge are now being seriously considered to maintain the performance requirements specified by the semiconductor industry. In addition, alternative gate dielectric, or high-? dielectrics, will also be required to meet gate leakage requirements. This work investigates the properties of using strained Si1-xGex or Ge as alternative channel materials for pMOSFETs incorporating hafnium oxide (HfO2) high-? gate dielectric. Whilst the SiGe pMOSFETs (x = 0.25) exhibited an enhancement in hole mobility (300 K) over comparable silicon control pMOSFETs with sputtered HfO2 dielectric, high Coulomb scattering and surface roughness scattering relating to the dielectric deposition process meant that the effective hole mobilities were degraded with respect to the silicon universal curve. Germanium channel pMOSFETs with halo-doping and HfO2 gate dielectric deposited by atomic layer deposition showed high hole mobilities of 230 cm2V-1s-1 and 480 cm2V-1s-1 at room temperature and 77 K, respectively. Analysis of the off-state current for the Ge pMOSFETs over a range of temperatures indicated that band-to-band tunnelling, gate-induced drain leakage and other defect-assisted leakage mechanisms could all be important. Hole carrier velocity and impact ionisation were also studied in two batches of buried channel SiGe pMOSFET with x = 0.15 and x = 0.36, respectively. SiGe channel pMOSFETs were found to exhibit reduced impact ionisation compared to silicon control devices, which has been attributed to a strain-induced reduction of the density of states in the SiGe conduction and valence bands. Analysis of the hole carrier velocity indicated that pseudomorphic SiGe offered no performance enhancements over Si below 100 nm, possibly due to higher ion implantation damage and strain relaxation of the strained SiGe channel. The results indicate that velocity overshoot effects might not provide the performance improvements at short channel lengths that was previously hoped for.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering ; QC Physics