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Title: The interaction between auditory imagery vividness and auditory perception, and its application to hallucination proneness
Author: Gray, Gemma Ruth
ISNI:       0000 0004 2692 7760
Awarding Body: University of Birmingham
Current Institution: University of Birmingham
Date of Award: 2010
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Auditory imagery is commonly used in everyday life, yet the majority of imagery research has focused on the visual domain. This thesis determined some of the mediators of auditory imagery vividness and investigated how vividness affects the interaction between imagery and perception (Chapter 2). In addition, an fMRI study investigated the neural correlates of auditory imagery and perception (Chapter 3). The final empirical chapters assessed the interaction between auditory imagery vividness and hallucination proneness, and the influence of hallucination proneness on the interaction between imagery and perception (Chapters 4, 5 and 6). Imagery vividness differs according to sound category and familiarity and is affected by cues to imagine sounds. Imagery and perception can also interact to influence the detection of sounds in noise, and are processed by partially overlapping regions of the auditory cortex. Studies into hallucination proneness revealed little differences between high and low hallucination proneness participants when detecting sounds in noise. When stimuli had an emotional connotation (i.e. auditorily presented emotional words) high and low hallucination prone participants differed only in their memory recall rate, but not in their vividness ratings, or in their sound detection performance for such words. Taken together, this thesis demonstrates that auditory imagery vividness is a robust measure that is affected by a range of cognitive factors. Vividness can influence detection of sounds in noise and has measurable affects on neural activation. These studies provide evidence for the theory that imagery and perception rely on overlapping areas of processing. The thesis also finds little association between hallucination proneness and auditory imagery vividness or sound detection performance. This suggests that factors other than auditory imagery are associated with proneness to hallucination-like experiences.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: BF Psychology