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Title: Collective protest : emotions, norms, and system justification
Author: Chaikalis-Petritsis, Vagelis
ISNI:       0000 0004 2695 7265
Awarding Body: University of Kent
Current Institution: University of Kent
Date of Award: 2010
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This thesis investigated the reasons why individuals participate in both socially disruptive and non-disruptive protest and aimed at answering the following question: Are these two forms of protest triggered equally by the same motives or is it that some motives are more important for one kind of protest than for the other? This thesis contends that disruptive protest entails higher personal uncertainty than does non-disruptive protest, hence, motives that can deal with this uncertainty should be more strongly related to disruptive protest than to non-disruptive protest. Six studies are reported, three correlational ones (Studies 1, 2, and 4) and three experimental ones (Studies 3, 5, and 6). The first two studies examined whether group-based anger, social opinion support, and group identification predict non-disruptive protest more strongly than disruptive protest, and whether collective efficacy and social action support predict disruptive protest more strongly than non-disruptive protest. Overall, hypotheses were supported. The third study manipulated uncertainty to test its effect on protest and found that participants assigned to the high (vs. low) uncertainty salience condition were significantly less likely to advocate disruptive protest, in line with hypotheses. The last three studies introduced the ideological motive of system justification and investigated its role in predicting both types of protest. Consistently with hypotheses, the fourth study demonstrated that system justification had a significantly higher correlation with non-disruptive protest than with disruptive protest. Finally, the last two studies used two different manipulations of system justification and confirmed that system justification can indeed exert a discouraging causal effect on protest tendencies, especially disruptive protest tendencies. In conclusion, the findings provide support for the role of personal uncertainty in determining the relative impact that different motives can have on disruptive and nondisruptive forms of protest.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
Keywords: BF Psychology