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Title: Synthesis of oligonucleotide analogues for use in DNA nanostructures
Author: Durand, Adeline
ISNI:       0000 0004 2695 0274
Awarding Body: University of Southampton
Current Institution: University of Southampton
Date of Award: 2010
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Thanks to its ability to form duplexes through selective base-pair recognition, DNA is a unique material for orderly self-assembled construction at the nanoscale. To develop a nanotechnology platform on a grid of addressable molecular building blocks using DNA node structures, DNA complexes need to be fixed onto surfaces. To fulfil this requirement on lipid membranes, phosphoramidites monomers modified with a cholesterol moiety and a spacer unit were synthesised. The hydrophobic spacer provides separation between the hydrophobic cholesterol moiety and the phosphate backbone of the DNA strand. For better anchorage of the network to a lipid surface, a hydrophilic spacer was also used to link the cholesterol to the nucleoside. Solution studies demonstrated that the melting temperature (Tm) of the duplex with adjacent cholesterols on each strand is much higher than that of the unmodified duplex. The reliable and highly selective copper(I)-catalysed azide-alkyne 1,3-dipolar cycloadition (CuAAC), the best known example of click chemistry, has proven to be of remarkably broad utility in synthetic chemistry and in nucleic acid chemistry in particular. CuAAC was exploited for the synthesis of a very stable double stranded catenane duplex. The catenane was formed from a single stranded cyclic template and its linear complement, using a third short oligonucleotide (ODN) as a helper for the circularisation of the second ODN. The copper(I)-catalysed cyclisation of oligonucleotides occurred by reaction between their terminal azide and their opposite terminal alkyne, to produce a 1,2,3-triazole linkage between the two reactants. The catenane was characterised by denaturing polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, UV melting studies and enzyme digestion.
Supervisor: Brown, Tom Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: QD Chemistry