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Title: Chemical bionics : a novel design approach using ion sensitive field effect transistors
Author: Georgiou, Pantelakis
ISNI:       0000 0004 2693 8427
Awarding Body: Imperial College London
Current Institution: Imperial College London
Date of Award: 2008
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In the late 1980s Carver Mead introduced Neuromorphic engineering in which various aspects of the neural systems of the body were modelled using VLSI1 circuits. As a result most bio-inspired systems to date concentrate on modelling the electrical behaviour of neural systems such as the eyes, ears and brain. The reality is however that biological systems rely on chemical as well as electrical principles in order to function. This thesis introduces chemical bionics in which the chemically-dependent physiology of specific cells in the body is implemented for the development of novel bio-inspired therapeutic devices. The glucose dependent pancreatic beta cell is shown to be one such cell, that is designed and fabricated to form the first silicon metabolic cell. By replicating the bursting behaviour of biological beta cells, which respond to changes in blood glucose, a bio-inspired prosthetic for glucose homeostasis of Type I diabetes is demonstrated. To compliment this, research to further develop the Ion Sensitive Field Effect Transistor (ISFET) on unmodified CMOS is also presented for use as a monolithic sensor for chemical bionic systems. Problems arising by using the native passivation of CMOS as a sensing surface are described and methods of compensation are presented. A model for the operation of the device in weak inversion is also proposed for exploitation of its physical primitives to make novel monolithic solutions. Functional implementations in various technologies is also detailed to allow future implementations chemical bionic circuits. Finally the ISFET integrate and fire neuron, which is the first of its kind, is presented to be used as a chemical based building block for many existing neuromorphic circuits. As an example of this a chemical imager is described for spatio-temporal monitoring of chemical species and an acid base discriminator for monitoring changes in concentration around a fixed threshold is also proposed.
Supervisor: Toumazou, Christopher Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral