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Title: Selective antagonism of potential proinflammatory PG receptor subtypes by AGN-211377
Author: Wang, J. Weizhen
ISNI:       0000 0004 2692 1692
Awarding Body: University of Aberdeen
Current Institution: University of Aberdeen
Date of Award: 2010
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PG receptor and COX gene expression patterns and LPS induced PG production have been investigated in human macrophages and osteoclasts as cell models to study rheumatoid arthritis. The results suggest that PG receptors DP2, EP1 and EP3 may not be directly involved in macrophage-mediated inflammatory responses and osteoclast-mediated bone erosion due to the absence of receptor expression. Because of the undetectable levels of natural ligand, IP receptor effects are dependent on the availability of PGI2 secreted from other types of cells in the close vicinity. Meanwhile, DP1, EP2, EP4, FP and TP receptors, and their natural agonists, may play important and diverse roles in these cells. TXA2 is the most abundant prostanoid found in these cells with or without LPS stimulation. The TP receptor pathway in inflammation and bone resorption may have been previously overlooked. AGN-211377 was discovered with a unique pharmacological profile, which provided antagonism at specific proinflammatory PG receptor subtypes with the rank order of TP > DP1 ≥FP >EP1 > DP2 and no apparent antagonism on EP2, EP3, and IP receptors. AGN-211377 significantly and dose-dependently suppresses LPS- or TNFα-induced release of 12 proinflammatory cytokines/ chemokines in macrophages, and osteolysis activity in osteoclasts. Collectively, these results suggest the existence of prostanoid receptors DP1 FP, and TP in human macrophages and osteoclasts, which are likely to play a proinflammatory role. AGN-211377 is at least as effective as diclofenac (a NSAID) and rofecoxib (a COX1B) in suppression of proinflammatory cytokine/chemokine production in macrophages, and in suppression of osteoclast function. Moreover, AGN-211377 may represent a safer replacement for COX1Bs. The therapeutic advantages of AGN-211377 can be extended beyond RA treatment.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Arthritis, Rheumatoid