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Title: A transnational study of antifascism and resistance to Nazi occupation in Luxembourg, France, Belgium and Germany, 1922-1950
Author: Marchal, Martine Anne Claire
ISNI:       0000 0004 2690 8906
Awarding Body: University of Warwick
Current Institution: University of Warwick
Date of Award: 2009
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This thesis investigates antifascism and resistance to Nazi occupation in Luxembourg, France, Belgium and Germany. This analysis is done from a transnational perspective. Luxembourg is at the centre of the study, but the adjoining regions of its neighbouring countries which, together with the Grand Duchy, form the ‘Grande Région’, will be analysed in detail as well. Moreover, the post-war years are included in this study to examine the impact of the resistance after the war. While comparative and transnational studies of this subject have been attempted before, this will be the first time Luxembourg has been not only included in such a study but is at the centre of one. Moreover, the inclusion of the pre- and post-war eras will add to the understanding of the continuity of the resistance, which has been depicted as an isolated movement which suddenly occurred in 1940 and disappeared in 1945. The thesis is divided into three major parts. The first part covers the formation of nationhood in Luxembourg, and the transnational connections between the Grand Duchy and its neighbours until 1918. It looks at the importance of antifascism in Luxembourg from 1922 until 1939, by focusing on the Communist Party of Luxembourg, and on Italian immigrant communities. The second part deals with national experiences of occupation in Luxembourg, Belgium and France and with regional commonalities, and focuses on transnational connections within the resistance. The third part of the thesis contains the analysis of the postwar era, and of the resistance’s impact on it. It investigates the political inheritance of the resistance as well as the post-war malaise in the countries in questions, to then zoom in on Luxembourg for a detailed analysis of the depiction of transnational and national resistance in the media in the post-war years.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: D901 Europe (General)