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Title: Cyclooxygenase-2 and its role in colorectal cancer metastasis
Author: Leung, Edmund
ISNI:       0000 0004 2690 6994
Awarding Body: University of Warwick
Current Institution: University of Warwick
Date of Award: 2009
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Studies have shown that elevated COX2 expression in colorectal cancer is associated with enhanced metastasis, although the mechanism is unclear. Cancer cells are characterised by the ability of invasive cells detaching from the primary site by downregulation of adhesion molecules such as E-Cadherins. Subsequently, these cells invade through basement membrane onto extracellular matrix by metalloproteinases (MMP). Interaction of cells and extracellular matrix involves cell adhesion molecules such as CD44 and b1-integrins. Finally, intravasation requires cancer cells adhering onto endothelium, an interaction between epithelial Sialyl-Lewis Antigens (SLAs) and endothelial (E)-Selectins. Colorectal cancer cell lines (HT29, CaCO2 and Colo205) and human dermal microvascular endothelial cells (HDMECs) were subjected to different agents (LPS, butyrate, dexamethasone, PGE2 and NS398) in order to determine their COX2, MMP2, E-Cadherins, b1-integrins, CD44, SLAs and E-selectins expression. An index of cells’ invasive potential was assayed using Matrigel chamber simulating extracellular matrix and coculture with HDMECs. HT29 expressed more COX2 than CaCO2. Colo205 was COX2-negative. LPS induced COX2 expression in HT29 but had no significant effects on CaCO2 and Colo205, whereas dexamethasone was inhibitory to the same effect. Butyrate did not demonstrate any significant changes to COX2 expression in all cell lines. NS398 caused a dose and time-dependent inhibition of COX2 activity, as demonstrated by PGE2 assay.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: South Warwickshire Nuffield Surgeons’ Trust (SWNST) ; Murphy, Paul
Qualification Name: Thesis (M.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer)