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Title: Tree resistance and responsiveness to mechanical damage and fungal pathogens in dipterocarp forest of Sabah, Malaysia
Author: Mohd Salim @ Halim, Jamilah
ISNI:       0000 0004 2690 6257
Awarding Body: University of Aberdeen
Current Institution: University of Aberdeen
Date of Award: 2009
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A survey of dipterocarp forest in four sites revealed that the incidence of stem canker was relatively low but high localized incidences were recorded. No consistent association was obtained between the presence of mechanical damage and cankers. Cankers occurred more frequently on dipterocarps and less frequently on euphorbs. Field studies and experimental manipulations were used to compare sapling resistance and responsiveness to wounding and stem breakage in relatively nutrient-rich, alluvial forest and relatively nutrient-poor, sandstone ridge forest. Species found on sandstone ridges showed greater resistance to damage (e.g., greater stem flexibility, narrower crowns) than those on alluvial soils. Species common on alluvial soils tended to be more responsive to damage (e.g., faster wound closure rates, more likely to re-sprout). Results from manipulation experiments conducted on pot-grown seedlings were consistent with results from the field studies, where conditions of greater nutrient availability, saplings closed wounds at faster rates, had less flexible stems, more narrow crowns, and lower levels of foliar total phenolics. Species showed differential rezones to resource availability which, in part, may relate to contrasting strategies for investment in passive defence (i.e., resins and phenolics) over investment in growth. Through their narrower crowns, greater whole stem flexibility, and lesser stem taper, tree species characteristic of sandstone ridges had greater resistance to mechanical damage from debris falling from above than congeneric species characteristic of alluvial soils. Tree species characteristic of alluvial soils were more responsive to damage than congeners on sandstone ridges, by producing earlier and longer sprouts following stem snapping and more rapid rates of wound closure following wounding.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Dipterocarpaceae ; Canker (Plant disease) ; Fungal diseases of plants