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Title: Hilbert-Huang transform : biosignal analysis and practical implementation
Author: Eftekhar, Amir
ISNI:       0000 0004 2688 4254
Awarding Body: Imperial College London
Current Institution: Imperial College London
Date of Award: 2010
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Any system, however trivial, is subjected to data analysis on the signals it produces. Over the last 50 years the influx of new techniques and expansions of older ones have allowed a number of new applications, in a variety of fields, to be analysed and to some degree understood. One of the industries that is benefiting from this growth is the medical field and has been further progressed with the growth of interdisciplinary collaboration. From a signal processing perspective, the challenge comes from the complex and sometimes chaotic nature of the signals that we measure from the body, such as those from the brain and to some degree the heart. In this work we will make a contribution to dealing with such systems, in the form of a recent time-frequency data analysis method, the Hilbert-Huang Transform (HHT), and extensions to it. This thesis presents an analysis of the state of the art in seizure and heart arrhythmia detection and prediction methods. We then present a novel real-time implementation of the algorithm both in software and hardware and the motivations for doing so. First, we present our software implementation, encompassing realtime capabilities and identifying elements that need to be considered for practical use. We then translated this software into hardware to aid real-time implementation and integration. With these implementations in place we apply the HHT method to the topic of epilepsy (seizures) and additionally make contributions to heart arrhythmias and neonate brain dynamics. We use the HHT and some additional algorithms to quantify features associated with each application for detection and prediction. We also quantify significance of activity in such a way as to merge prediction and detection into one framework. Finally, we assess the real-time capabilities of our methods for practical use as a biosignal analysis tool.
Supervisor: Toumazou, Christopher ; Drakakis, Emm Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral