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Title: Evaluation of pulse wave analysis to assess coronary artery disease
Author: Kotecha, Dipak
ISNI:       0000 0004 2688 2785
Awarding Body: Imperial College London
Current Institution: Imperial College London
Date of Award: 2010
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Conventional risk factors for cardiovascular disease, such as age, gender, hyperlipidaemia and hypertension are useful clinical markers of coronary artery disease (CAD) in asymptomatic patients or those without a prior history of atherosclerosis. In patients referred for a cardiology opinion, modification of risk factors by lifestyle changes and cardiac medications as well as confounding co-morbidities limit the value of these markers. Patients are often referred for diagnostic coronary angiography to determine the presence and severity of CAD, stratify the risk of future events and determine appropriate management. Despite the use of a variety of tests to best identify those requiring angiography, up to half of all patients referred do not have significant disease. Pulse wave analysis (PWA) is a novel method to derive indices of central (aortic) blood pressure and arterial stiffness. Pressure waveforms are obtained non-invasively from the radial artery using a simple tonometry method and have been shown to correlate with clinical outcomes and cardiovascular events in selected populations. This thesis will explore, for the first time, the clinical potential for PWA as a non-invasive marker of CAD in an unselected contemporary cohort of patients referred for elective coronary angiography. The main hypotheses tested are first that PWA is a suitable tool for clinical use, including those with cardiac and non-cardiac co-morbidities and second that abnormalities of PWA are independent predictors of the presence and severity of CAD. Data have been derived from a prospective, protocol-driven, multi-centre cohort of 550 patients recruited from 2006-8. Results suggest that PWA has a useful clinical role in stratifying the risk of coronary disease. PWA variables were independent of conventional blood pressure measurement and superior to baseline risk factors, biomarkers and other non-invasive tests.
Supervisor: Kotecha, Dipak Sponsor: IM Medical Ltd, Melbourne
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral