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Title: Radial transport and detachment in the University of Manchester linear system
Author: Trojan, Lorenzo
ISNI:       0000 0004 2689 4567
Awarding Body: University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 2010
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The role of cross field transport and volume recombination are of vital importance for a satisfactory understanding of the plasma edge in magnetically confined devices such as a Tokamak. Plasma fluctuations may travel cross field with significant velocities and play a central role in plasma transport. Cross field transport has been seen to be anomalous in most devices under a very broad range of experimental conditions. In recent years a clear indication of the relation between fluctuation, cross field particle transport and recombination has been reported.The University of Manchester Linear System (the ULS) has been used to observe the Balmer emission of the recombining plasma interacting with a dense neutral Hydrogen gas. The ULS is a device made of a cylindrical vacuum vessel 1.5 m long and 15 cm in radius. The plasma is formed in a separate chamber by a duoplasmatron source in the Demirkhanov configuration; the arc current was limited to 15 A and the potential drop was 100 V. The device is surrounded by a linear solenoid which was used to magnetize the plasma. The highest magnetic field was .1 T. Typical electron temperature in the device spans .1 to 10 eV, and the density 1. E+16 to 5. E+19.Diagnostic includes Langmuir probe and visible spectrometers. In addition, the DivCam imaging system originally designed and built to obtain 2D images of the MAST spherical Tokamak Scrape Off Layer, was used. The DivCam imaging system has enabled to obtain high resolution images of the plasma emission when interacting with the neutral gas. It appears evident that the Electron-Ion Recombination is strongly dependent upon radial transport of plasma particles: light emission attributed to EIR is only observed at a large cross field distance from the plasma source. Moreover, fast imaging of the plasma has also shown the presence of a plasma filament forming and propagating crossfield at the same region of the plasma where the EIR light is observed.To interpret the experimental observations obtained with DivCam, the OSM 1D fluid plasma solver and the EIRENE neutral Monte Carlo solver have been implemented in the linear geometry of the ULS linear system. Both the OSM and the EIRENE solvers were originally intended for tokamak and large magnetic confinement devices. Modelling of the EIR emissivity in the ULS device has demonstrated the importance of the inclusion of turbulent and blob transport in the model to obtain reasonable agreement between the observations and the theoretical predictions. The central density of the plasma filament has been estimated to be approximately .7 E+19 m-3 using EIRENE results.The emission attributed to hydrogenic ions (negative atomic H- and positive molecular ions H2+) and related to Molecular Assisted Recombinations can be estimated within EIRENE using the AMJUEL database. The database provides ion population estimations for three different collisional regimes: in the first regime a large population of vibrational excited hydrogen molecules are assumed to exist within the plasma volume; the second assumes strong Charge Exchange reactions and not vibrational excited molecule; the third assumes electron impact collisions with ground states molecule to be the only ion source. A reasonable agreement between the observations and the EIRENE prediction is only found when using the third estimation suggesting that molecular excitation and charge exchange processes are relatively unimportant under the experimental conditions considered.
Supervisor: Browning, Philippa Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Plasma Physics ; Plasma Diagnostic ; Detachment ; Divertor ; Plasma Transport ; Volume Recombination