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Title: Superficial cervical muscle activation in chronic neck pain
Author: Curtis, Sally Anne
ISNI:       0000 0004 2689 1796
Awarding Body: University of Southampton
Current Institution: University of Southampton
Date of Award: 2010
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Chronic neck pain can occur in a proportion of individuals who have suffered a whiplash injury and also in individuals that have not experienced a trauma to the neck. The mechanisms that cause chronic pain are unclear, and whether they differ in traumatic or non-traumatic onset is unknown. A review of the background literature identified differences in muscle activation for individuals with chronic neck pain, following a whiplash injury and from a non traumatic onset, compared to healthy controls. However, differences in the combined action or synergy of superficial neck muscles in these chronic neck pain groups, during non-forced activities, had not been widely reported. A new methodology was developed to address this area of research. A pilot study was undertaken to establish the reliability of the method and to identify areas for refinement. The main study employed the refined methodology to determine possible differences in activation and synergies of the upper trapezius and sternocleidomastoid muscles, alongside correlations of subjective pain and fatigue with surface electromyographic measures, using linear array electrodes. Some differences in muscles activation and synergy were observed between the groups. Individuals showed different strengths of relationships between subjective and objective measures and different proportions of significant correlations were shown between groups.
Supervisor: Burridge, Jane ; Kallenburg, Laura ; De Stefano, Antonello ; Simmonds, Maureen Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: RT Nursing ; RC Internal medicine