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Title: A novel hybrid technique for short-term electricity price forecasting in deregulated electricity markets
Author: Hu, Linlin
ISNI:       0000 0004 2685 8144
Awarding Body: Brunel University
Current Institution: Brunel University
Date of Award: 2010
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Short-term electricity price forecasting is now crucial practice in deregulated electricity markets, as it forms the basis for maximizing the profits of the market participants. In this thesis, short-term electricity prices are forecast using three different predictor schemes, Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs), Support Vector Machine (SVM) and a hybrid scheme, respectively. ANNs are the very popular and successful tools for practical forecasting. In this thesis, a hidden-layered feed-forward neural network with back-propagation has been adopted for detailed comparison with other forecasting models. SVM is a newly developed technique that has many attractive features and good performance in terms of prediction. In order to overcome the limitations of individual forecasting models, a hybrid technique that combines Fuzzy-C-Means (FCM) clustering and SVM regression algorithms is proposed to forecast the half-hour electricity prices in the UK electricity markets. According to the value of their power prices, thousands of the training data are classified by the unsupervised learning method of FCM clustering. SVM regression model is then applied to each cluster by taking advantage of the aggregated data information, which reduces the noise for each training program. In order to demonstrate the predictive capability of the proposed model, ANNs and SVM models are presented and compared with the hybrid technique based on the same training and testing data sets in the case studies by using real electricity market data. The data was obtained upon request from APX Power UK for the year 2007. Mean Absolute Percentage Error (MAPE) is used to analyze the forecasting errors of different models and the results presented clearly show that the proposed hybrid technique considerably improves the electricity price forecasting.
Supervisor: Taylor, G. A. Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Short-term price forecasting ; Electricity markets ; Fuzzy-C-Means ; Support vector machine ; Hybrid models ; Artificial neural networks