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Title: Development of a novel colour X-ray coherent scatter imaging system
Author: Hansson, Conny
ISNI:       0000 0004 2690 3734
Awarding Body: University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 2010
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The field of X-ray imaging and X-ray diffraction have been combined in a new technique called Tomographic Energy Dispersive Diffraction Imaging (TEDDI). This diffraction imaging technique allows 3D sample images to be obtained, non-destructively, where each imaged point contains the atomic structural information associated with its diffraction pattern. The main drawback of the TEDDI technique is the long collection times needed to produce the images. In order to overcome this obstacle the rapid TEDDI (rTEDDI) system has been developed at the University of Manchester's Material Science Centre. The research and development of rTEDDI has been the focus of this PhD thesis. A proof of concept for the rTEDDI imaging technique was obtained using thin samples on station 7.6 SRS Daresbury. In this case a first generation array collimator was used in conjunction with an energy resolving Si pixelated detector. Structural information such as lattice parameters, crystal system and phase identiffcation were obtained for metal, polymer and deer antler bone samples. The use of high Z semiconductor detector material was investigated in order to increase the potential of TEDDI for larger and more dense samples. To enable penetration of larger samples high energy X-rays needed to be utilized. In order to detect these higher energies with a good efficiency the detector media was changed from Si to CdZnTe (CZT).The second generation rTEDDI, using CZT as the detection media, was intended to be used under high flux/high energy synchrotron radiation conditions. Testing of the system under these conditions on station 16.3 SRS Daresbury showed an inability to produce diffraction imaging. An in depth investigation into detector and collimator array performance showed a two fold cause. The ERD2004 detector was unable to handle the high countrates experienced during high flux/high energy synchrotron radiation conditions. The MK1.2 collimator array was found to become partially transparent to X-ray energies around the absorption edge of W resulting in the swamping of the diffraction signal under high flux/high energy synchrotron radiation conditions. A new detector Application Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC) design, developed by the detector division and the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, and Data Aquisition (DAQ) system, developed by Aspect Systems, as well as a number of new collimator array designs were developed and tested. Testing of the new collimator array structures have shown positive results and the new HEXITECdetector which was designed to be able to handle high countrates, have shown an unprecedented inter pixel uniformity and energy resolution which have been attributed to the ASIC performance and the use of better quality CZT material.
Supervisor: Cernik, Robert Sponsor: EPSRC
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Energy Dispersive Diffraction ; Diffraction Imaging ; Detector ; CdZnTe ; Instrumentation ; Collimator ; Coherent Scattering ; HEXITEC