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Title: An investigation in efficient spatial patterns mining
Author: Wang, Lizhen
Awarding Body: University of Huddersfield
Current Institution: University of Huddersfield
Date of Award: 2008
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The technical progress in computerized spatial data acquisition and storage results in the growth of vast spatial databases. Faced with large amounts of increasing spatial data, a terminal user has more difficulty in understanding them without the helpful knowledge from spatial databases. Thus, spatial data mining has been brought under the umbrella of data mining and is attracting more attention. Spatial data mining presents challenges. Differing from usual data, spatial data includes not only positional data and attribute data, but also spatial relationships among spatial events. Further, the instances of spatial events are embedded in a continuous space and share a variety of spatial relationships, so the mining of spatial patterns demands new techniques. In this thesis, several contributions were made. Some new techniques were proposed, i.e., fuzzy co-location mining, CPI-tree (Co-location Pattern Instance Tree), maximal co-location patterns mining, AOI-ags (Attribute-Oriented Induction based on Attributes’ Generalization Sequences), and fuzzy association prediction. Three algorithms were put forward on co-location patterns mining: the fuzzy co-location mining algorithm, the CPI-tree based co-location mining algorithm (CPI-tree algorithm) and the orderclique- based maximal prevalence co-location mining algorithm (order-clique-based algorithm). An attribute-oriented induction algorithm based on attributes’ generalization sequences (AOI-ags algorithm) is further given, which unified the attribute thresholds and the tuple thresholds. On the two real-world databases with time-series data, a fuzzy association prediction algorithm is designed. Also a cell-based spatial object fusion algorithm is proposed. Two fuzzy clustering methods using domain knowledge were proposed: Natural Method and Graph-Based Method, both of which were controlled by a threshold. The threshold was confirmed by polynomial regression. Finally, a prototype system on spatial co-location patterns’ mining was developed, and shows the relative efficiencies of the co-location techniques proposed The techniques presented in the thesis focus on improving the feasibility, usefulness, effectiveness, and scalability of related algorithm. In the design of fuzzy co-location Abstract mining algorithm, a new data structure, the binary partition tree, used to improve the process of fuzzy equivalence partitioning, was proposed. A prefix-based approach to partition the prevalent event set search space into subsets, where each sub-problem can be solved in main-memory, was also presented. The scalability of CPI-tree algorithm is guaranteed since it does not require expensive spatial joins or instance joins for identifying co-location table instances. In the order-clique-based algorithm, the co-location table instances do not need be stored after computing the Pi value of corresponding colocation, which dramatically reduces the executive time and space of mining maximal colocations. Some technologies, for example, partitions, equivalence partition trees, prune optimization strategies and interestingness, were used to improve the efficiency of the AOI-ags algorithm. To implement the fuzzy association prediction algorithm, the “growing window” and the proximity computation pruning were introduced to reduce both I/O and CPU costs in computing the fuzzy semantic proximity between time-series. For new techniques and algorithms, theoretical analysis and experimental results on synthetic data sets and real-world datasets were presented and discussed in the thesis.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Q Science (General) ; QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science