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Title: Rational approximation of discrete data with asymptotic behaviour
Author: Cooper, Philip
Awarding Body: University of Huddersfield
Current Institution: University of Huddersfield
Date of Award: 2007
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This thesis is concerned with the least-squares approximation of discrete data that appear to exhibit asymptotic behaviour. In particular, we consider using rational functions as they are able to display a number of types of asymptotic behaviour. The research is biased towards the development of simple and easily implemented algorithms that can be used for this purpose. We discuss a number of novel approximation forms, including the Semi-Infinite Rational Spline and the Asymptotic Polynomial. The Semi-Infinite Rational Spline is a piecewise rational function, continuous across a single knot, and may be defined to have different asymptotic limits at ±∞. The continuity constraints at the knot are implicit in the function definition, and it can be fitted to data without the use of constrained optimisation algorithms. The Asymptotic Polynomial is a linear combination of weighted basis functions, orthogonalised with respect to a rational weight function of nonlinear approximation parameters. We discuss an efficient and numerically stable implementation of the Gauss-Newton method that can be used to fit this function to discrete data. A number of extensions of the Loeb algorithm are discussed, including a simple modification for fitting Semi- Infinite Rational Splines, and a new hybrid algorithm that is a combination of the Loeb algorithm and the Lawson algorithm (including its Rice and Usow extension), for fitting ℓp rational approximations. In addition, we present an extension of the Rice and Usow algorithm to include ℓp approximation for values p < 2. Also discussed is an alternative representation of a polynomial ratio denominator, that allows pole free approximations to be fitted to data with the use of unconstrained optimisation methods. In all cases we present a large number of numerical applications of these methods to illustrate their usefulness.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Q Science (General) ; QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science ; QA Mathematics