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Title: Micro fluidic cytometry for analysis of marine microorganisms
Author: Benazzi, Giuseppe
ISNI:       0000 0004 2685 4071
Awarding Body: University of Southampton
Current Institution: University of Southampton
Date of Award: 2010
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Knowledge of the distribution and concentration of phytoplankton (microscopic algae that live in the oceans) is important, as this reflects and may modify environmentally important events such as pollution, climate change and carbon dioxide sequestration. Optical based flow cytometry has proved to be strategically important for the study of marine environments in general and of phytoplankton in particular because it enables rapid, simultaneous quantitative analysis of multiple optical properties of particles. Unfortunately, cost, complexity and size limit the widespread use of this technique for the study and monitoring of phytoplankton. The objective of this research was to solve some of the above mentioned problems by developing a small device for deployment on remote underwater vehicles (RUV) for in situ flow cytometric analysis of marine organisms. The core of the system was a lab-on-a-chip (LOC) device with a microfluidic channel with integrated optics and electrodes for the detection of the optical and electrical characteristics of phytoplankton. The work describes the design, fabrication, characterisation and testing of various LOC devices, together with data and analysis of results. The devices were able to clearly distinguish different populations of phytoplankton and other micro-particles on the basis of their optical and electrical properties. The systems had performance comparable with commercial instruments. Research also included bio-physical measurements (electro rotation and dielectrophoresis) of marine organisms to allow further modelling of the information obtained from the LOC cytometer.
Supervisor: Morgan, Hywel ; Mowlem, Matthew Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science ; QH301 Biology ; GC Oceanography