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Title: Vibration of railway bridges in the audible frequency range
Author: Herron, David
ISNI:       0000 0004 2685 3837
Awarding Body: University of Southampton
Current Institution: University of Southampton
Date of Award: 2009
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The noise level associated with a train travelling on a bridge is normally greater than that for a train travelling on plain track. It is sometimes the bridge noise that causes the highest levels of disturbance to people in the vicinity or triggers action under regulations such as the Environmental Noise Directive. Consequently, there is a need to study means of predicting noise levels from proposed bridges, noise control measures for existing structures and principles of low-noise bridge design. This thesis describes a programme of work in which an existing calculation model for bridge noise and vibration has been tested and alternative calculation methods have been developed where required. The existing model is based on analytical models for wheel-rail interaction and the calculation of the power input to the bridge. The response of the various component parts of the bridge for this power input is found using a simplified SEA scheme. In this work, the existing model has been tested against measurements made on railway bridges and the results of an advanced method of structural analysis, the Waveguide Finite Element (WFE) method. This method is well-suited to modelling some important types of railway bridge. Specifically, it allows a numerical modelling approach to be used up to higher frequency than conventional Finite Element methods. It has been found to offer some significant advantages over the existing bridge noise model, particularly for concrete-steel composite bridges and concrete box-section viaducts. The track support structure has an important influence on bridge noise and vibration, through its role in the transmission of vibration from the rail to the bridge. Laboratory measurements have been made in this work to characterise the vibration transmission properties of two important types of track support structure on bridges; ballasted track and two-stage resilient baseplate track. Improved methods of modelling the dynamic behaviour of these track forms have been developed from the measurements, which can be used in calculation models for both bridge noise and also for rolling noise.
Supervisor: Jones, C. J. C. Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: TG Bridge engineering ; TF Railroad engineering and operation