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Title: Matchings, factors and cycles in graphs
Author: Philpotts, Adam Richard
ISNI:       0000 0004 2684 763X
Awarding Body: University of Nottingham
Current Institution: University of Nottingham
Date of Award: 2008
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A matching in a graph is a set of pairwise nonadjacent edges, a k-factor is a k-regular spanning subgraph, and a cycle is a closed path. This thesis has two parts. In Part I (by far the larger part) we study sufficient conditions for structures involving matchings, factors and cycles. The three main types of conditions involve: the minimum degree; the degree sum of pairs of nonadjacent vertices (Ore-type conditions); and the neighbourhoods of independent sets of vertices. We show that most of our theorems are best possible by giving appropriate extremal graphs. We study Ore-type conditions for a graph to have a Hamilton cycle or 2-factor containing a given matching or path-system, and for any matching and single vertex to be contained in a cycle. We give Ore-type and neighbourhood conditions for a matching L of l edges to be contained in a matching of k edges (l < k). We generalise two different aspects of this result: the l = 0 case with an Ore-type condition for a heavy matching in an edge-weighted graph; and the conditions for a perfect matching containing L with degree and neighbourhood conditions for a k-factor (k > 2) containing a given set of edges. We also establish neighbourhood conditions for the existence of a cycle of length at least k. A list-edge-colouring of a graph is an assignment of a colour to each edge from its own list of colours. In Part II we study edge colourings of powers of cycles, and prove the List-Edge-Colouring Conjecture for squares of cycles of odd length.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: QA150 Algebra