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Title: The understanding of the concept of development by indigenous groups in Bolivia
Author: Tejerina, Veronica
ISNI:       0000 0004 2688 297X
Awarding Body: The University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 2010
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Bolivia is a small land-locked country in the heart of Latin America with one of the lowest indicators of human development in the western hemisphere (UNDP, 2002). This relatively small country is, nonetheless, "wealthy in terms of cultural diversity and natural resources. 36 different indigenous peoples among less than 10 million people populate Bolivia's one million square kilometers of territory" Oxfam (2008). This study focuses on not only exploring the concept of development as it is understood by indigenous groups in Bolivia (Quechua and Aymara in rural areas), but also on exploring whether the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and Human Development Index (HDI) reflect this understanding. An interest in exploring this hypothesis - one that addresses divergent understandings of the concept of development between donors and recipients - arises from: the relative failure in international organizations in achieving development targets in Bolivia; Bolivia's ethnic composition; its distinctive features; and, importantly, the current political unrest, which has exacerbated racial and economic tensions between the Amerindian populations of the Andean west and the nonindigenous communities of the eastern lowlands. Development policies and practices are founded on a selection of outcomes and goals behind which lie a vision of human development. Due to the high percentages of poverty in the world, there are competing definitions of development or wellbeing. It is important to note that participants in development can differ in their approach to development and this affects what they do (Copestake and Camfield, 2009). Current development aid agencies' policies and practices provide goals based on a vision of human development. These goals and outcomes are represented within the Human Development Reports and Millennium Development Goals. Therefore, it seems very important to know more about the goals of development for groups of the population such as indigenous groups, in order to take into account the way they - as participants in development - think about their life (Copestake and Camfield, 2009). This study explores the concept of development as it is understood by indigenous groups through social representation theory; and, moreover, it examines whether the MDGs and HOI reflect this understanding.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available