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Title: Stressful life-events and adolescent depression : The possible roles of self-criticism and self-compassion
Author: Trollope, Michelle
ISNI:       0000 0004 2687 5913
Awarding Body: University of East Anglia
Current Institution: University of East Anglia
Date of Award: 2009
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Aims and Objectives. The aim of the current research was to explore the relationships between self-criticism, self-compassion, depression and the experience of stressful life-events within an adolescent population. In particular this study sought to investigate what role the cognitive factors of self-compassion and self-criticism may play within the relationship between the experience of stressful events and adolescent depressive symptoms. Method. In order to investigate the relationships amongst the variables of interest, a cross-sectional design was employed. Quantitative data were collected via four self report questionnaires measuring self-criticism, self-compassion, depressive symptoms and the experience of stressful events, in addition to demographic information. A total of 108 adolescents aged between 12 and 14 years, a cross six high schools within Norfolk, completed the questionnaires in groups of up to 10 with the researcher present. Results. Within the current study, significant relationships were found between all the variables of interest. Multiple regression analysis indicated that self-compassion and stressful life-events significantly predicted variance within the measure of depression, with self-compassion holding the most predictive power. Mediation analysis showed that both self-criticism and self-compassion partially mediated the relationship between these measures. Conclusions. This study was one of the first to empirically explore the notion of self-compassion within an adolescent population. The current findings suggest that both self-criticism and self-compassion may play important mediating roles within the relationship between adolescent depressive symptoms and stressful life-events. This supports previous findings within the adult research literature. Developmental frameworks are proposed to help explain how the current findings may fit theoretically within the existing literature. The present findings also have important clinical implications which are discussed along with ideas for future research. The limitations of the study are highlighted and addressed.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (D.Clin.Psy.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available