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Title: A Low Carbon Sustainable Strategy Using CDM Methodological approach to large Commercial Buildings in Beijing and Shanghai
Author: Jiang, Ping
ISNI:       0000 0004 2686 5520
Awarding Body: University of East Anglia
Current Institution: University of East Anglia
Date of Award: 2009
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Throughout the world, a significant proportion of all energy consumption occurs in the building sector and this is thus a major contributor to climate change. It is thus a critical sector in which to address the reduction of greenhouse emissions and yet it is a sector which is largely overlooked in measures such as the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM). The research reported in this thesis attempts to explore the barriers to why the building sector is in this position and to investigate opportunities for the future. With a high economic growth in recent years, China has become one of biggest energy consumers and CO2 emitters in the world despite significant improvements in the carbon intensity. Its building sector now accounts for 25% of the total energy use in the whole nation with energy use in large commercial buildings being five times higher than average energy use in residential buildings. With the rapid urban development in China's cities, such as Beijing and Shanghai, the large commercial building sector is thus an area of priority with regard to energy conservation and carbon reduction. Energy consumption data from fourteen sample buildings together with complementary information from other large commercial buildings were analysed to develop a comprehensive low carbon sustainability strategy applicable to large commercial buildings. The analyses show how the contributions from intrinsic and functional energy use within a building may be identified. The strategy recognizes that effective local carbon measures will include not only technical solutions but also effective energy management, and awareness raising and behaviour change of the occupants and stakeholders of buildings. The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) attempts to provide a financial and technical platform for enhancing carbon reduction activities. However, hitherto there have been few such projects in the building sector anywhere in the world. This lack of projects arises from an over focus on technological solutions, and this research explores way in which the opportunities potentially available using the CDM can be exploited to overcome the present barriers, the key one of which is the lack of adequate and appropriate CDM methodologies. Energy performance based CDM methodologies are explored in this research which could significantly overcome the barriers produced by the current technology based CDM methodologies and promote the sustainable development in large commercial buildings not only in Beijing and Shanghai, but also elsewhere
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available