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Title: Rapid preformulation screening of drug candidates for dry powder inhaler preparation
Author: Harris, Haggis
ISNI:       0000 0004 2684 0892
Awarding Body: University of Bath
Current Institution: University of Bath
Date of Award: 2008
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Candidate active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) are routinely tested to determine such parameters as physical stability, chemical stability, and bioavailability. Preformulation analysis of APIs does not currently attemept to determine whether they will perform to an acceptable level once they have been formulated. In practice, the APIs are subjected to extensive in vitro testing of their performance in a formulation, combined with optimisation of the formulation. This formulation testing is both time-consuming and expensive. In the field of pulmonary drug delivery from dry powder inhalers (DPIs), the API has to be aerosolized effectively in order to penetrate the lunfs and reach its deposition target. In a conventional ternary DPI fromulation, the API is combined with carrier lactose and fine lactose particles. The inter-particle forces between these three components and the bulk properties of the formulation determine the structure of the formulation and the aerolization performance of the API. In this study, physicochemical properties of salbutamol base and several of its salts were investigated both quantitatively and qualitatively. The in vitro deposition characteristics of the formulated APIs were also determined. The relationship between these parameters and the deposition was analysed to establish if a rapid preformulation screening technique could be applied to the APIs with respect to predicting the deposition performance of the formulated API. A clear relationship between the deposition of the unformulated API and the formulated API was observed that could be exploited as a screening technique.
Supervisor: Price, Robert Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Dry powder inhaler ; drug salts ; atomic force microscope ; preformulation screening