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Title: Radiation damage analysis of the swept charge device for the C1XS instrument
Author: Gow, Jason Peter David
ISNI:       0000 0004 2680 068X
Awarding Body: Brunel University
Current Institution: Brunel University
Date of Award: 2010
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This thesis is concerned with ensuring high energy resolution from the swept charge device (SCD) CCD54, essentially a non-pixellated version of the charge coupled device (CCD), for use in the Chandrayaan-1 X-ray Spectrometer (C1XS). Of particular interest is the effect on performance due to the radiation damage, caused by protons, the CCD54s used in C1XS will receive during the transfer to the Moon and during the two years in lunar orbit. Chapter 2 reviews the atomic structure, the formation and detection of X-rays, and the operation of a CCD. Chapter 3 discusses the space radiation environment and the damaging effects it has on CCDs, for example increasing dark current and charge transfer inefficiency. Chapter 4 presents the basic laboratory equipment and procedure used during the experimental work, and details the initial optimisation and characterisation, the pre-flight characterisation of devices available for use in C1XS, the measurement of the depletion depth, and quantum efficiency of the CCD54. Chapter 5 details the results of the initial proton irradiation study, intended to demonstrate the ability of the CCD54 to provide excellent scientific data over the two years at the Moon. Chapter 6 describes a second irradiation study covering a more detailed investigation of the damage effects, investigating dark current, trap energy levels, and charge transfer inefficiency. Chapter 7 describes work conducted to assist the C1XS science team in the development of an X-ray fluorescence model, to be used with X-ray spectra provided by the X-ray solar monitor and the spectra detected by C1XS, to provide elemental abundance information of the lunar surface. It also presents the initial C1XS results from the Moon, and a brief comparison of the CCD54 with other semiconductor X-ray fluorescence detectors. Chapter 8 describes the final conclusions and recommendations for further work, including a study of the radiation damage effects during the two years at the Moon and the future development of SCD detectors for use in space.
Supervisor: Smith, D. ; Holland, A. Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Chandrayaan-1 ; Moon ; Proton ; Charee Coupled Device ; X-Ray