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Title: Identification of novel tumour suppressor genes involved in the development of cutaneous malignant melanoma
Author: Ouboussad, Lylia
ISNI:       0000 0004 2680 0284
Awarding Body: Brunel University
Current Institution: Brunel University
Date of Award: 2009
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Skin cancer is one of the most common forms of adult solid tumour. The incidence is increasing rapidly making skin cancer a major health problem in several countries. Cutaneous Malignant Melanoma (CMM) is the least common but the most life threatening type of skin cancers and is responsible for 90% of all skin malignancy associated deaths. The precise cellular and molecular etiology of malignant melanoma is quite complex and the molecular events directly related to melanoma progression are yet to be elucidated. However, recent advances in molecular biology have resulted in a clearer understanding of the cellular and molecular events of skin cancer development. The best-characterized locus associated with CMM development is the CDKN2A that maps to chromosome 9p21 and encodes for the cell cycle regulator p16 tumour suppressor gene (TSG), and is frequently inactivated in melanoma tumours. In addition to p16, other loci located in 9p21 appear to be important in CMM development and functional evidence for the presence of TSG(s) has been provided (Parris et al., 1999). The aim of our study is to contribute to the understanding of CMM development by isolating and characterising novel TSG(s) at this location. In order to pursue identifying potential TSG(s), we have developed several monochromosome hybrids using microcell mediated chromosome transfer, and evaluated the tumourigenicity of the constructed hybrids by anchorage independent growth in soft agar. For the molecular biology aspects, expression analysis of the genes in the 9p21 region was carried out by reverse transcription PCR. Potential candidate tumour suppressor genes were then carefully evaluated by generating expression profiles via conducting real time PCR. Experimental evidence is provided which supports the candidacy of interferon alpha 1 (IFNA1) as a tumour suppressor gene for melanoma development.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Microcell mediated chromosome transfer ; Gene expression analysis