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Title: An autosegmental approach to Amharic intonation
Author: Haile, Alemayehu
ISNI:       0000 0004 2680 0938
Awarding Body: School of Oriental and African Studies (University of London)
Current Institution: SOAS, University of London
Date of Award: 1988
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The central purpose of this thesis is to present a detailed account of the intonation of Amharic. The model adopted for this is that of the Autosegmental Phonology and in particular deriving- considerable inspiration from the work of Pierrehumbert (1980). In the description, intonational features are represented as well ordered sequences of static tones on a separate tier from the segments. The segmental and the autosegmental tiers are associated following principles given by the Universal Association Convention and the language particular rules. To spell out the association principles, the lexical category and the word-group (or phrase) stress rules have been investigated. The former predicts the lexically stressable syllable within the category stem. The stressable syllable is the only one that may be associated with the pitch accent, (i. e., the stress-related melody). The phrase accent is usually associated with the last syllable of the penultimate word or follows the last pitch accent within the intonational phrase. A number of contour type: meaning correlates are identified for Amharic and they are analysed to reveal certain 'basic features. Each of these basic features is shown to be capable of modification by varying the value(s) of the constituent tones. There are some intonational features in Amharic which do not have counterparts in English. The quotative contour provides an example and it requires a device not fully available in a model devised particularly to handle the features of English. Associating two starred tones, i. e. pitch accents with a single tone-bearing-unit, and allowing bitonal boundary tones are among the modifications on tonal representations which are proposed in this thesis
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available