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Title: Working 9 to 5? : complex patterns of time allocation among managers and professionals in dual career households
Author: Wheatley, Daniel L.
ISNI:       0000 0004 2683 0811
Awarding Body: Nottingham Trent University
Current Institution: Nottingham Trent University
Date of Award: 2009
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This PhD is a theoretically informed empirical investigation of contemporary patterns of time allocation among managers and professionals in dual career households. Focus centres on three key elements of time allocation, namely work, care and commuting. Specifically, this thesis addresses three research questions: (1) Which theoretical approach(es) — mainstream, institutional or feminist — offer the most suitable explanation of individual and household choices and constraints in the allocation of time? (2) Do distinctions need to be made within the Professional-Managerial Class (PMC), and are these distinctions occupational and/or gender specific? (3) What challenges, in a policy context, do dual career households face in managing the combined demands of work-time, caring and commuting? A mixed methods approach is employed. This combines quantitative empirical analysis using published national statistics, specifically the Labour Force Survey (LFS) and the Census Special Licence Household Sample of Anonymised Records (SL-HSAR), with a mixed methods case study of Greater Nottingham, a major employment centre of the East Midlands region of the UK. The case study comprises a series of interviews with Human Resource Managers (HRMs) and a survey of managerial and professional workers. It allows analysis at two reference points, using primary data collected as part of the ‘location and mobility decisions of dual career households’ project funded by the Leverhulme Trust (grant F/740). This thesis makes four contributions to knowledge. First, distinctions are found within the PMC between the two major occupation groups — managers and professionals — which are often combined in research. Second, evidence is presented to support the notion of nodal living among dual career households, and of the commute substituting for permanent residential migration. The third contribution relates to gendered household dynamics. Females are found to increasingly mirror their male counterparts in patterns of work, especially work-time. However, they face spatial entrapment as a result of the continuing inequity within the home which limits their mobility. Finally, this thesis finds increasing time scarcity among households combining dual work outines and household responsibilities.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available