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Title: An investigation of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug mediated modulation of the polyamine pathway in an in vitro model of colorectal cancer
Author: Saunders, Fiona R.
ISNI:       0000 0004 2682 2408
Awarding Body: University of Aberdeen
Current Institution: University of Aberdeen
Date of Award: 2008
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Our hypothesis is that the polyamine biosynthetic pathway, a pathway essential in many cellular functions, is modulated by NSAIDs and that this is, at least in part, how NSAID chemoprevention is mediated. An in vitro model of colorectal cancer was used: two cell lines one of which is COX positive and one COX negative to determine the effects of a range of selective and non-selective NSAIDs on various reactions within the polyamine pathway.  NSAIDs are cytotoxic to colorectal cancer cells regardless of their COX expression.  NSAID-mediated inhibition of cell growth is accompanied by inhibition of ODC activity, partial depletion of polyamine concentrations and up-regulation of polyamine catabolism. In order to investigate the importance of polyamine metabolism, a specific polyamine inhibitor α-difluoromethylornithine (DFMO) was used in combination with the NSAIDs.  DFMO per se is not toxic to cells and it does not enhance NSAID mediated toxicity.  DFMO in combination with the NSAIDs did cause increased catabolic activity and more sustained polyamine depletion than either alone, however no additional decrease in ODC activity was observed.  This suggests that NSAID toxicity is not enhanced by DFMO in this in vitro model. Analysis of the mode of death indicated that the NSAIDs caused apoptotic cell death, confirmed through biochemical and morphological studies and that the NSAIDs affected gene expression of key enzymes in the polyamine biosynthetic pathway. Our findings suggest that modulation of the polyamine pathway by NSAIDs is at least part of the mechanism of action involved in cancer chemoprevention. Therefore modulation of the polyamine pathway may be useful for design of new chemopreventative drugs.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Colon (Anatomy) ; Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal ; Cancer research