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Title: The political system of Ottoman Egypt 1099-1143/1687-1730
Author: Zein Al-Abdin, Bashir
ISNI:       0000 0004 2681 8126
Awarding Body: School of Oriental and African Studies (University of London)
Current Institution: SOAS, University of London
Date of Award: 1999
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This study examines the political system of Egypt during the period 1099-1143/1687-1730. After two centuries of Ottoman rule, the laws of Qanun-name of 1525, which created a rather complicated balance of power, became subject to erosion. The Viceroy's power started to decline and the military garrison lost its dominance over the political and administrative affairs of the region. The civil war of 1123/1711 brought with it major developments to the region. It resulted in the gradual disintegration of the Ottoman elements within the political set-up and the rise of the local institutions represented by the beylicate, al-Azhar, and the Bedouin Arab tribes. Egypt gradually shifted towards growing independence. The latter half of the twelth century AH witnessed the emergence of the secessionist movement of 'Ali Bey al-Kablir (1767-1772) and, following the French occupation, the rise of Muhammad 'Ali Pasha leading Egypt into the modem era. The Introduction is followed by an analysis of the archival and manuscript sources upon which this study is based. The second chapter relates the history of the period 1099-1143/1687-1730 in the light of previously unexploited sources. The main body of the study discusses the factors which led to the decline of the Ottoman political system in Egypt and the rise of the beylicate and religious institutions. It is followed by a final chapter which refers briefly to the major local groups which exerted an external impact on the system rather than being part of the political set-up. This study is based on contemporary chronicles and documents in the Egyptian archives, making particular use of vital manuscript sources which have not yet been exploited by modern scholarship. It is hoped that this study will provide answers to several questions relating to the factors which led to the decline of Ottoman authority and the rise of the local institutions represented by the beylicate and the Ulema
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available