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Title: Web and knowledge-based decision support system for measurement uncertainty evaluation
Author: Wei, Peng
ISNI:       0000 0004 2680 2028
Awarding Body: Brunel University
Current Institution: Brunel University
Date of Award: 2009
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In metrology, measurement uncertainty is understood as a range in which the true value of the measurement is likely to fall in. The recent years have seen a rapid development in evaluation of measurement uncertainty. ISO Guide to the Expression of Uncertainty in Measurement (GUM 1995) is the primary guiding document for measurement uncertainty. More recently, the Supplement 1 to the "Guide to the expression of uncertainty in measurement" – Propagation of distributions using a Monte Carlo method (GUM SP1) was published in November 2008. A number of software tools for measurement uncertainty have been developed and made available based on these two documents. The current software tools are mainly desktop applications utilising numeric computation with limited mathematical model handling capacity. A novel and generic web-based application, web-based Knowledge-Based Decision Support System (KB-DSS), has been proposed and developed in this research for measurement uncertainty evaluation. A Model-View-Controller architecture pattern is used for the proposed system. Under this general architecture, a web-based KB-DSS is developed based on an integration of the Expert System and Decision Support System approach. In the proposed uncertainty evaluation system, three knowledge bases as sub-systems are developed to implement the evaluation for measurement uncertainty. The first sub-system, the Measurement Modelling Knowledge Base (MMKB), assists the user in establishing the appropriate mathematical model for the measurand, a critical process for uncertainty evaluation. The second sub-system, GUM Framework Knowledge Base, carries out the uncertainty evaluation process based on the GUM Uncertainty Framework using symbolic computation, whilst the third sub-system, GUM SP1 MCM Framework Knowledge Base, conducts the uncertainty calculation according to the GUM SP1 Framework numerically based on Monte Carlo Method. The design and implementation of the proposed system and sub-systems are discussed in the thesis, supported by elaboration of the implementation steps and examples. Discussions and justifications on the technologies and approaches used for the sub-systems and their components are also presented. These include Drools, Oracle database, Java, JSP, Java Transfer Object, AJAX and Matlab. The proposed web-based KB-DSS has been evaluated through case studies and the performance of the system has been validated by the example results. As an established methodology and practical tool, the research will make valuable contributions to the field of measurement uncertainty evaluation.
Supervisor: Yang, Q. ; Jones, B. Sponsor: Brunel University
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Monte Carlo method ; Gum ; Expert system