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Title: Resolving the conflicts in Nigeria's oil industry : a critical analysis of the role of public participation
Author: Ako, Rhuks Temitope
ISNI:       0000 0004 2675 7917
Awarding Body: University of Kent
Current Institution: University of Kent
Date of Award: 2008
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This study examines the role that law plays in producing and exacerbating instability in the Nigerian oil-industry, and how it might serve as a veritable tool in the quest for the restoration of order and legitimate authority, sustainable peace and development in the Niger Delta region that hosts it. The central thesis is that the regulatory framework which governs the oil industry overwhelmingly bestows ownership and control of that strategic sector on the federal government in ways that alienate host oil communities and frustrates these communities from any meaningful participation in the industry. At the same time, traditional subsistence opportunities are foreclosed by the environmental consequences of long years of oil production activities. These situations, in turn, are precipitating the worst kinds of community anomie and disorders as well as a regime of state repression in the Niger Delta. The study utilises the environmental justice theory to analyze Nigeria's oil-industry's regulatory framework; particularly those that implicate ownership and management of oil (including the distribution of oil revenues), landholding and environmental protection. A major finding of the study is that these legal provisions not only contribute to the erosion of public trust but also undermine host-communities' rights to participate actively in the management of the oil-industry. It suggests that attempts to resolve the on-going conflicts have failed, for the most part, due to neglect of the rights-based context in which host- communities are now demanding greater participation and ownership. In essence, notions of 'recognition' and 'distribution' are central to the resolution of the crisis. It concludes by recommending that environmental human rights should be constitutionally recognized as the foundation for other requisite public participation initiatives.
Supervisor: Howarth, William ; Mansell, Wade Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral