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Title: Children and teacher's perceptions of ADHD and medication
Author: Bradley, Jess
ISNI:       0000 0004 2677 6261
Awarding Body: University of Southampton
Current Institution: University of Southampton
Date of Award: 2009
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A detailed review of the literature revealed that children report mixed views towards ADHD and medication. They are also reported to experience a lack of control over their symptoms and in turn, report a reliance on medication to control behaviours. Research into children’s sense of self is conflicting, where studies reveal poor self-image, but other work confirms an inflated sense of self. In addition, differences between adult and child perceptions of ADHD exist, and are explained by the Attribution Bias Context (ABC) model which describes the nature of informant discrepancies. Gaining a greater understanding of children’s perceptions of ADHD is important in identifying and implementing effective interventions for children and their families. This qualitative study explored 5 children’s perceptions of ADHD through interview and drawing. Children’s teachers were also interviewed in order to explore discrepancies. Analysis of the data revealed a grounded theory of internalisation of the ADHD label for children, and difference for teachers. Children were found to experience ADHD emotionally, in on/off conditions, as a medical disorder, with external locus of control and as part of their self/identity. Medication was felt to control their behaviour. Teachers described children’s ADHD using a medical discourse and strengths were identified as attributes which are present in the absence of ADHD symptoms. Results are discussed in terms of similarities and differences between adult and child perspectives, and only some of the data supports the predictions of the ABC model. Implications of the findings are discussed in terms of academic and applied settings, and future research directions are considered with particular reference to exploration of the process of internalisation of the ADHD label.
Supervisor: Söderlund, Göran ; Hadwin, Julie ; Bishop, Felicity Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology ; BF Psychology ; RJ101 Child Health. Child health services