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Title: Contemporary tombak playing in Iran : an ethnographic experience of practice, interaction and music making
Author: Balandina, Alexandra
ISNI:       0000 0004 2678 0965
Awarding Body: Goldsmiths College (University of London)
Current Institution: Goldsmiths College (University of London)
Date of Award: 2007
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The aim of this work is to highlight the growth and establishment of tombak playing within the domain of Iranian music over the last century, a period which stimulated tombak players to advance and elaborate their playing techniques, to enrich their rhythmic patterns, to formulate, expand and diffuse the notation for the tombak, and to originate new types and genres of tombak playing: the tombak solo, duet and group tombak. I emphasize the role of tombak players, equally important to other musicians and yet neglected,in the history and the aesthetic development of Iranian music. I examine the traditional role of the tombak as an accompaniment instrument from the late Qajar period until the present day, and explore how the new genres fit in contemporary Iranian music, and in particular, the dynamic development of the tombak solo, as a genre in search for its own "independent" identity. Developing this theme, my intention is to relate the dual nature of the tombak, as both an accompaniment and a solo instrument, to the identity of the contemporary tombak player. In this frame of reference I analyse the music profile of the urban professional tombak player, who is depicted as interacting in a wide web of socio-musical relationships which have professional, personal and intimate aspects. In addition, I investigate how the socio-cultural context affected musical creativity and the status of musicians in general, and the tombak player in particular, before and after the Revolution. This ethnography is based on reflexive experience and interpersonal interactions in the course of ethnomusicological field research in Tehran, where the multiple voices of living individuals have ultimate significance in understanding the music culture of the contemporary tombak players in Iran.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available