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Title: Steel fibres from waste tyres to concrete : testing, modelling and design
Author: Tlemat, Houssam
ISNI:       0000 0004 2678 0922
Awarding Body: University of Sheffield
Current Institution: University of Sheffield
Date of Award: 2004
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The disposal of waste tyres and steel fibres from tyres is a serious worldwide environmental problem. This thesis examines the use of steel fibres extracted from waste tyres as reinforcement for concrete. Previous attempts to use such fibres with concrete ended up in balling of the fibres and wasting of the concrete. Four concrete mixes using three different types of fibres (from shredded tyres, from pyrolysis and commercially available fibres) were developed. An optimisation procedure was used to maximise the amount of fibre used whilst maintaining a reasonable degree of workability. Single and double sided pull-out tests were developed to determine the anchoring characteristics of fibres. Double-sided tests with multi-fibres were found to be the most reliable. The anchoring characteristics of tyre fibres were found to be as good as for commercially available fibres. Critical fibres lengths were determined for the different fibres used. A simple fibre pull-out model is proposed. Flexural toughness tests were developed and optimised based on the ASTM and Japanese standards. The crack development, neutral axis depth and characteristic length were examined in detail. An examination of the RILEM 0-£ model has shown that the model can overestimate the flexural capacity of Steel Fibre Reinforced Concrete (FRC). New 0-£ models were derived by adopting inverse analysis techniques on results from flexural tests on notched beams. These models when used with Finite Element Analysis (FEA) can predict the behaviour of the tested prisms accurately. For design purposes the models have been simplified. Parametric studies led to design equations which predict the design moment by using a fibre parameter (relating to length and bond) and the fibre amount by weight. The design equations are applied in several applications including the design of slabs on grade. The results compare favourably with existing design guidelines. Finally, slabs for drainage covers were designed and tested, demonstrating that fibres from tyres can be used for industrial applications.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available