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Title: Current transformer circuits for power electronics applications
Author: McNeill, John Neville
ISNI:       0000 0004 2677 336X
Awarding Body: Edinburgh Napier University
Current Institution: Edinburgh Napier University
Date of Award: 2008
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This thesis investigates the operation of the current transfonner (CT) when sensing retum-to-zero current pulses in power electronic circuitry. The CT's output signal is nonnally rectified when sensing current pulses and the effects of the different rectification techniques on peak current and average current droop are evaluated. Initially, the various current sensing techniques and their application in power electronics circuits are reviewed. The CT and both diode and synchronous rectification are then reviewed in more detail. Operation of the CT with diode rectification (DR) and natural resetting is investigated. Three operating modes are identified. These are the discontinuous magnetizing current, continuous magnetizing current and discontinuous secondary current modes. The error (droop) in the average output signal obtained is found to be predominantly defined by CT core losses. Coefficients are given for correcting the error due to droop, provided that the discontinuous secondary current mode is avoided. Diode rectification with the dual CT arrangement is also investigated. Operation of the CT with synchronous rectification (SR) and natural resetting is then investigated. The SR topologies possible using a discrete MOSFET are categorized. During experimentation the arrangement used to drive the MOSFET's gate is found to be important if distortion is to be minimized. It also is found that the average current droop is dependent on the oscillatory behaviour of the resetting circuit and has an effectively random component. The magnitude of this component is defined by the voltage drop exhibited by the SR MOSFET's intrinsic anti-parallel diode. SR is then implemented using a commercially available analogue switch. The problems detailed with the use of a discrete MOSFET are largely alleviated. Another benefit is that the increased restriction on maximum duty factor imposed by introducing a discrete MOSFET is also eased. However, whichever SR technique is implemented, an operational amplifier is used and the transient response of this circuit element is important. A method of minimizing droop by indirect sensing of the CT's peak core flux excursion is then presented. A corresponding correcting voltage is applied in series with the CT's output terminals during a current pulse. The magnitude of this voltage is based on the magnitude of the resetting voltage sensed during previous switching cycles. A circuit is implemented and simulated. Experimental results are presented. A switched-mode circuit operating at a frequency higher than that of the main power circuit is then used to apply the correcting voltage with the objective of reducing the power drawn. Again, the circuit is implemented and simulated and experimental results are presented.
Supervisor: Gupta, Naren Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering