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Title: The citation of Zechariah 12:10 in John 19:37
Author: Bynum, William Randolph
ISNI:       0000 0004 2677 1719
Awarding Body: The University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 2009
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This study is an evaluation of the citation of Zechariah 12:10 in John 19:37 which seeks an explanation for its unique form. It begins by presenting a sketch of the life setting of the Fourth Gospel, and John's overall use of the Old Testament. Next, the textual history of Zechariah 12:10 is examined, a text-critical review of the verse is conducted, and the citation of the verse is located within the explicit Old Testament citations of the Fourth Gospel. Lastly, John's form of citation is compared to extant manuscript evidence, and major theories regarding the form of citation are evaluated. In the conclusion, some implications that follow from this study are presented, and the theological significance of this passage is examined in the light of the findings of the entire investigation. This study has yielded a number of significant insights leading to a more adequate explanation for the citation. John's form reflects a Greek translation of a Hebrew Vor/age that is in essential agreement with the consonantal proto-Massoretic textual tradition. This concise form offers a reasonable solution to the grammatical and syntactical difficulties presented by both the Massoretic form with traditional vocalisation, and the Septuagint form. John's citation demoFlstrates striking similarities to the charact~ristics of the . Minor Prophets Scroll, 8f-jevXllgr, known as R. Those shared characteristics present converging lines of evidence which point to John's citation of R as a compelling explanation for his form of the verse. John citing R offers a single full-orbed answer adequate enough to account for the unique form of the verse, to satisfy all textual issues that are raised, and to respond appropriately to all major theories that have been advanced to explain the citation. Increased understanding of the form of this verse greatly enhances one's perception of the critical role the citation plays in the Johannine Passion Narrative, and allows one to more fully grasp its meaning within the theological development of the Fourth Gospel.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available