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Title: From Barclay to Brickett : coaching practices and coaching lives in nineteenth and early twentieth century England
Author: Day, David John
ISNI:       0000 0004 2676 0606
Awarding Body: De Montfort University
Current Institution: De Montfort University
Date of Award: 2008
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Training and the role of the coach became central to sporting activities during the nineteenth century with the term 'coach' appearing in rowing and cricket reports from the 1840s. As in other social processes, the complexity of training evolved with constant reference to the past and coaches continued to depend on oral traditions linked to personal experience, their ability to innovate and apply entrepreneurial skills, and a body of craft knowledge operating within communities of practice. As the nature of British society changed, coaching communities came under threat especially from the structural restrictions imposed by nineteenth century amateur regulators who excluded professional pedagogues from emergent governing bodies. Led by the medical establishment, traditional coaching skills and knowledge were publicly discredited by men who embraced 'scientific' and 'moderate' approaches to training. A swimming case study analyses how this policy of separation through enforcement led to a decline in English competitiveness internationally as amateur administrators discouraged technical developments. Swimming also prOVides a useful medium for exploring how a variation in coaching biographies, in this case of Professors Frederick Beckwith and Walter Brickett, could result from the power of sporting bodies to structurally determine the nature of the coaching environment. However, the extent of the impact of this amateur professional dichotomy needs to be viewed as something other than a sudden fault in the timeline of coaching. Faced with deskilling, with structural constraints, and with the hostile values of amateurism, some professional coaches utilised their entrepreneurial skills to make a living from their knowledge and expertise, while others found ways to work within, and alongside, the dominant amateur structures. The craftsmanship, entrepreneurship, and innovations of all these men may have been diluted but the late nineteenth century amateur hegemony in sport did not immediately lead to the extinction of professional coaching cultures. Keywords: Frederick Beckwith; Coaching; Training; Walter Brickett; Communities of Practice; Swimming.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available