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Title: Traffic demand and land-use in the UK: an econometric analysis using the TRICS database
Author: Broadstock, David C.
ISNI:       0000 0004 2675 5153
Awarding Body: University of Surrey
Current Institution: University of Surrey
Date of Award: 2008
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The main research question motivating the research in this thesis is whether or not land zone placement (as defined in accordance with Planning Policy Guidance definitions) is a genuinely important determinant of trip generation behaviour. In order to answer this question three unique data sets have been assembled. The key source is the UK Trip Rate Information Computer System (TRICS), particularly the site information relating to (i) Office Developments, (ii) Food Superstores and (iii) Residential Developments. These site types were chosen for scrutiny as they have for various reasons been the focus of enduring media, environmentalist and Government scrutiny in the light of the increasingly mainstream acceptance of sustainable development principles. For Office Developments and Food Superstores single equation trip attraction models, based on the tenets of a standard derived demand modelling framework, are estimated; whereas for Residential Developments a system is estimated encompassing the generation of trips in residential sites and how they interact with levels of car ownership. Due to recurrent small sample problems and issues of heteroskedasticiy all models are estimated using a semi-parametric regression model. The results support the contention that land zone features, as a group of indicators, should be accounted for in trip generation models for office developments. For Food Superstores hou~ehold economies of scale and scope are identified for individuals visiting these sites and public transport services are also not found to be kinked with reductions in car traffic.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available