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Title: Metabolism and effects of dietary phenolic acids
Author: Poquet, Laure
ISNI:       0000 0004 2679 9201
Awarding Body: University of Surrey
Current Institution: University of Surrey
Date of Award: 2008
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Ferulic acid is a secondary metabolite usually found as esters in plants and dihydrocaffeic acid results from the microbial metabolism of flavonoids and of caffeic acid, both widely distributed in food. Even though ferulic acid and flavonoids have been proposed to exert several beneficial effects on health, their in vivo activities could partly result from their microbial metabolites and strongly depend on their bioavailability. The absorption and metabolism of phenolic acids were studied in vitro with a model for the colonic epithelium composed of absorptive and mucus secreting cells, ex vivo with everted colonic sacs and liver slices, and in vivo with rats. The photoprotective effect of phenolic acids was tested in vitro on the keratinocytes HaCaT.The ferulic acid permeation was mainly by transcellular diffusion and also by a facilitated transport (S-MCT and MCTI). Intestinal cells conjugated ferulic acid with sulphate or glucuronide and reduced its unsaturated side chain. In rats, intestinal cells were more potent for glucuronidation of dihydrocaffeic acid, whereas the liver favoured sulphation, the methylation being regio-selective.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Not available Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available