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Title: An exploration of factors shaping technological developments in the Mozambican manufacturing sector and of their impact on enterprise performance
Author: Warren, Alex Nicholas
ISNI:       0000 0004 2678 1052
Awarding Body: School of Oriental and African Studies (University of London)
Current Institution: SOAS, University of London
Date of Award: 2008
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This thesis presents an exploration of factors shaping technological dynamics in the Mozambican manufacturing sector and an examination of theirú relationship to enterprise performance. Using survey evidence for the Mozambican metalworking and light chemicals industries it deploys Sanjaya Lall's technology capabilities methodological framework to examine these issues in the context of historical, policy and economy-wide events taking place in Mozambique over the past few decades. It finds that technological and performance dynamics in these two industries do not entirely conform to views put fOf\vard by mainstream debates on technology and development and the literature examining the micro-foundations of technology change on the determinants and sources of technology development and its impact on enterprise performance. In particular, it finds that there is no particularly strong association between firm-level skills and capabilities, on the one hand, and technological efforts, on the other; nor between either of these factors and manufacturing performance in these two sectors. In light of these findings this thesis argues that these results reflect the general absence of a strong industrial policy and institutional framework in Mozambique that actively pursues technological development as a means of achieving industrial growth, and which addresses the multiple constraints on industrial (technological) investment that industrial firms currently face in Mozambique. In this respect, it is argued that this absence can be traced back to the adoption ofa 'liberalisation' agenda by the Mozambican government since the mid-1980s and a gradual disengagement of the state from actively shaping patterns of economic and industrial development. This has led to a weakening and fragmentation of the current institutional framework for private sector development and a worsening ofthe business conditions in which firms operate, undermining the type of efforts necessary to trigger a process of technology and industrial development.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available