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Title: The Fifth Column in British India : Japan and the INA's secret war 1941-1945
Author: Mohamed Dali, Azharudin
ISNI:       0000 0004 2678 0850
Awarding Body: School of Oriental and African Studies (University of London)
Current Institution: SOAS, University of London
Date of Award: 2007
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This thesis attempts to examine the activities of the INA's secret service, which was' established during WWII and was responsible for espionage and propaganda work in India. It takes an in depth look at this )ong-forgotten subject within the INA historiography. It begins by examining the existence of the Japanese intelligence activities in India before the Pacific War. It shows' that the Japanese were interested in India even before the war. The Japanese also adopted a liberal policy towards Indian revolutionaries who worked for the Indian cause from abroad, particularly East Asia, before the war. More importantly, several Indian revolutionaries, such as Hari Singh Rathmore and Hamam Singh who were involved in Indo-Japanese fifth column work. Japan's policy towards Indian revolutionary before the war was different from the policy adopted during the war, as support for Indian revolutionaries was not formal. Supports came from individuals and non-governmental agencies. During the war, Japan's interest in the Indian independence movement became a formal affair through the Indian Independence League (IlL) and Indian National Army (INA), which were established with Japan's support and financial help. Asides from being and offensive army, the INA also took part in secret operations through severalINA secret service agencies. Japanese Kikans were established as liaison departments responsible for helping INA activities. Spy schools were established in Malaya and Burma to train INA spies. Thus, various races were selected, recruited, trained and sent to India with the main objective of collecting intelligence information and establishing spy networks within India. The, Indo-Japanese collaboration was of the opinion that establishing spy networks was the only way to assess the current situation in India. This thesis also looks at the British Intelligence responses to INA's secret war. British intelligence used various strategies to overcome the INA's threat. These included the introduction of the 'Josh Group' and the recruiting of double-cross agents such as Rahmat Khan. These methods were used to disintegrate the INA secret network in India. This effort was made easier with the help of several treacherous acts by INA secret agents, which eventually affected INA's secret war activities.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available