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Title: Genetic association studies of bipolar disorder
Author: Bass, Nicholas James
ISNI:       0000 0004 2677 715X
Awarding Body: University of London
Current Institution: University College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 2008
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Bipolar disorder is a common and serious mental illness. The occurrence of mania is central to the diagnosis, but affected individuals typically also suffer episodes of depression. The results of family, twin and adoption studies argue convincingly for genetic susceptibility to bipolar disorder. Linkage studies conducted at the Molecular Psychiatry Laboratory, UCL have previously implicated the regions 12q24, 21q22, lq42 and 11 pi4- 15 as harbouring susceptibly loci for bipolar disorder. In this thesis I report fine mapping of the 12q24, 21q22 and lq42 regions by linkage disequilibrium methods, employing a case-control design. For the llpl4-15 region association with the candidate gene BDNF was tested. I also present attempts to replicate findings of association at the genes DAOA and COMT, located in regions implicated by meta-analysis of the linkage data. I have attempted to put these investigations in context, necessitating consideration of the conceptual developmental of bipolar disorder, the classical techniques for assessing the genetic contribution to aetiology, and mapping strategies. Fine mapping of the UCL linkage regions implicated two novel susceptibility loci and provided support for two previously identified loci. Association of multiple markers within a 180 kb region of 12q24.3 was found, implicating Slynar and LOC387895. Association was also found with two markers in the more centromeric gene P2RX7, previously implicated in a Canadian sample. Multiple associated markers were found on 21q22.3. Two candidate genes - C21orf29 and TRPM2 - were identified from this region. Initial efforts to fine map the lq42 region suggested the involvement of the previously implicated DISCI gene. However association was only found with a single marker. Although haplotypic association was found with BDNF, the complex structure of the microsatellite marker hindered interpretation of the results. Partial replication of the association with DAOA was achieved but the involvement of COMT was not supported.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available