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Title: Signal processing methods for the analysis of cerebral blood flow and metabolism
Author: Tingying, Peng
ISNI:       0000 0004 2676 9360
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2009
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An important protective feature of the cerebral circulation is its ability to maintain sufficient cerebral blood flow and oxygen supply in accordance with the energy demands of the brain despite variations in a number of external factors such as arterial blood pressure, heart rate and respiration rate. If cerebral autoregulation is impaired, abnormally low or high CBF can lead to cerebral ischemia, intracranial hypertension or even capillary damage, thus contributing to the onset of cerebrovascular events. The control and regulation of cerebral blood flow is a dynamic, multivariate phenomenon. Sensitive techniques are required to monitor and process experimental data concerning cerebral blood flow and metabolic rate in a clinical setting. This thesis presents a model simulation study and 4 related signal processing studies concerned with CBF regulation. The first study models the regulation of the cerebral vasculature to systemic changes in blood pressure, dissolved blood gas concentration and neural activation in a integrated haemodynamic system. The model simulations show that the three pathways which are generally thought to be independent (pressure, CO₂ and activation) greatly influence each other, it is vital to consider parallel changes of unmeasured variability when performing a single pathway study. The second study shows how simultaneously measured blood gas concentration fluctuations can improve the accuracy of an existing frequency domain technique for recovering cerebral autoregulation dynamics from spontaneous fluctuations in blood pressure and cerebral blood flow velocity. The third study shows how the continuous wavelet transform can recover both time and frequency information about dynamic autoregulation, including the contribution of blood gas concentration. The fourth study shows how the discrete wavelet transform can be used to investigate frequency-dependent coupling between cerebral and systemic cardiovascular dynamics. The final study then uses these techniques to investigate the systemic effects on resting BOLD variability. The general approach taken in this thesis is a combined analysis of both modelling and data analysis. Physiologically-based models encapsulate hypotheses about features of CBF regulation, particularly those features that may be difficult to recover using existing analysis methods, and thus provide the motivation for developing both new analysis methods and criteria to evaluate these methods. On the other hand, the statistical features extracted directly from experimental data can be used to validate and improve the model.
Supervisor: Payne, Stephen ; Yiannis, Ventikos Sponsor: DHPA
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Medical Engineering ; Mathematical modeling (engineering) ; cerebral autoregulation. signal processing