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Title: Epidemiology of coronary heart disease in Asians in Britain
Author: McKeigue, Paul Matthew
ISNI:       0000 0004 2675 1566
Awarding Body: University of London
Current Institution: University College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 1990
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In countries where people of South Asian origin have settled, unexpectedly high coronary heart disease rates have been recorded in South Asian men and women compared with other ethnic groups. In England high CHD mortality is shared by Gujarati Hindus, Punjabi Sikhs and Muslims from Pakistan and Bangladesh. The high CHD rates in these populations are unexplained by levels of smoking, blood pressure, plasma cholesterol or dietary fat intake. To test whether disturbances of haemostatic activity, lipoprotein metabolism or carbohydrate metabolism might underlie the high CHD mortality in South Asians, a population study in east London was undertaken. The results confirmed that the high CHD rates in South Asians compared with the native British population cannot be explained by differences in the distributions of blood pressure or plasma cholesterol. The hypothesis of a disturbance of haemostatic activity was not supported. A pattern of low plasma HDL cholesterol and high triglyceride levels, high serum insulin levels after a glucose load and high prevalence of non-insulin-dependent diabetes was identified in CD Bangladeshis. On the basis of these findings and a review of other recent work it is suggested that: (i) insulin resistance underlies these disturbances of lipoprotein and carbohydrate metabolism in Bangladeshis; (ii) this tendency to insulin resistance is a general pattern in South Asian populations overseas; and (iii) it is a possible underlying mechanism for the high rates of both CHD and diabetes in these populations. The planning of a large study to test this is described. Preliminary results confirm that a syndrome of metabolic disturbances related to insulin resistance, first identified in Bangladeshis, is present also in Gujaratis and Punjabis. This is associated with a striking tendency to central obesity in South Asians. These findings point to the aetiological role of insulin resistance in CHD and suggest possible strategies for prevention in South Asian communities.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: JISC Digital Islam
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available