Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: Design, synthesis and analysis of FMDV 3C-protease inhibitors
Author: Rosell, Nuria Roque
ISNI:       0000 0004 2672 4648
Awarding Body: Imperial College London
Current Institution: Imperial College London
Date of Award: 2008
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Access from Institution:
Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) causes a highly infectious disease of cloven-hoofed livestock with economically devastating consequences. The political and technical problems associated with the use of FMDV vaccines make drug-based disease control an attractive alternative. The FMDV genome is translated as a single polypeptide precursor that is cleaved into functional proteins by virally-encoded proteases. Ten of the thirteen cleavages are performed by the highly conserved 3C protease (3Cpro), making this enzyme an attractive target for anti-viral drugs (Curry et al., 2007a). This thesis describes the design, synthesis and evaluation of FMDV 3Cpro inhibitors. A study of the activity of different FMDV 3Cpro mutants and a recently determined enzyme-substrate crystal structure provide an insight to the structure-activity relationships of the target and provides a basis for the inhibitor design (Curry et al., 2007b; Sweeney et al., 2007). Taking the enzyme's specificity as a starting point (Birtley et al., 2005), a small peptide sequence corresponding to an optimal substrate has been modified at the C-terminus, by the addition of a warhead, making it able to irreversibly react with the active site of this cysteine protease. Several synthetic routes have been developed, one allowed easy modification of the peptidic component of the inhibitor, whereas a second was designed to enable the introduction of variation on the warhead moiety. After the expression and purification of the FMDV 3Cpro, a FRET assay, developed to monitor changes on 3Cpro activity (Jaulent et al., 2007), was used to evaluate the inhibition of the enzyme by a range of potential synthetic inhibitors. The success of the inhibitor design has been demonstrated by the development of compounds that react as Michael acceptors with the enzyme active site. The investigation of the peptidic part of the inhibitor has highlighted key elements for inhibition which are supported by structural data. Finally, consideration of the bioavailability of these inhibitors, particularly in regard to membrane penetration, has led to use pro-drug approach in the further development of the inhibitors.
Supervisor: Curry, Stephen ; Leatherbarrow, Robin Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral