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Title: Registration based respiratory motion models for use in lung radiotherapy
Author: McClelland, James Robert
ISNI:       0000 0004 2672 0751
Awarding Body: University of London
Current Institution: University College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 2008
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Respiratory motion is a major factor contributing to errors and uncertainties in Radiotherapy (RT) treatment of lung tumours. Knowledge of this motion may improve the planning and delivery of RT treatment for lung cancer patients. This thesis develops and evaluates methods of building patient specific respiratory motion models. These relate the internal motion to respiratory parameters derived from an external surrogate signal that can be measured during data acquisition and treatment delivery. The models offer a number of advantages over current methods of imaging and analysing respiratory motion, in particular their ability to account for variations in the respiratory motion. Computer Tomography (CT) data is acquired over several respiratory cycles to sample some of the variation in the respiratory motion. B-spline registrations are used to recover the motion and deformation from the CT data. The models are then constructed by fitting functions that relate the registration results to the respiratory parameters. This thesis describes the CT data and respiratory parameters that have been used to construct the motion models. It details the registrations protocols used and evaluates their results. The initial models presented in the thesis relate the registration results to a single parameter, the phase of the respiratory cycle, and average out any variation in the respiratory motion. The later models relate the registration results to two respiratory parameters, with the intention of modelling some of the variation. A number of different functions are assessed for both the single and two parameter models. The results show that the models can predict the respiratory motion in the CT data very accurately (mean error < 1.4 mm). This thesis also discusses some of the uses of the motion models in RT and, in particular, explores the use of the motion models for 'tracking' respiratory motion while delivering intensity modulated RT.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available