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Title: The impact of the Black Death on seventeen units of account of the Bishopric of Winchester
Author: Arthur, Paula
ISNI:       0000 0004 2674 9570
Awarding Body: University of Winchester
Current Institution: University of Winchester
Date of Award: 2005
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The pipe rolls of the bishopric of Winchester not only impart in-depth detail about England's wealthiest see in the Middle Ages, but also provide an account of the demographic, economic and social conditions on the estate. This thesis examines evidence from the pipe roll of 1348-9 for the impact of the plague on seventeen Hampshire units of account of the bishopric of Winchester. The work has involved both interpretation and analysis of the pipe roll: its physical appearance, palaeography and subject matter within the text, the findings of which can be found in chapters one and two. By using other pipe rolls of the bishopric of Winchester both before and after 1348-9 the work also compares and contrasts. This analysis focuses specifically upon information relating to the plague of 1348-9, and assesses the immediate impact of the Black Death on Hampshire. The work begins by exploring the pipe roll as a historical document, combined with a review of previous historical writings on the Black Death. This review is followed by an investigation of the physical aspects of the pipe roll as well as the financial and administrative structure of the account. Chapter three assesses the number of heriots received and debates their value for measuring mortality. Chapter four addresses the Black Death's influence on wages as well as other forms of remuneration, while chapter five considers the impact of the Black Death upon both marriage and entry fines. Chapter six addresses the fair of St Giles and the influence of the Black Death upon the bishop's income received from the fair. The Conclusion establishes that the pipe roll supports the hypothesis that the bishopric of Winchester was profoundly affected by the arrival of the Black Death in 1348 and that this has implications for the broader analysis of the impact of the plague in the fourteenth century. Study of the pipe roll of 1348-9 has therefore enabled this work to assess, for the first time, the effects of the Black Death upon seventeen units of account on the Hampshire estate.
Supervisor: James, Tom ; Yorke, Barbara Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available