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Title: Aerobic fitness : testing and its impact on figure skating performance
Author: Entwistle, Diana
ISNI:       0000 0004 2669 9075
Awarding Body: The University of Essex
Current Institution: University of Essex
Date of Award: 2009
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Figure skating includes ice based locomotion, jumping and dance elements. It is limited by physiological, psychological, technical and tactical factors. Optimising performance requires guidance from coaches educated in; "Coaching", "Training", "Testing", "Nutrition" and "Biomechanics". AIMS: Acquire British coaches' self assessed knowledge levels. Independently evaluate coaches' efficacy. Identify an area of deficit in coach understanding. Using the area of coaching, "Testing", develop a valid and repeatable skating specific aerobic fitness test. Identify the role of aerobic fitness in competitive performance and its effect on a skill based jump element; An Axel. METHODS: The entire coaching population was surveyed. An objective multidimensional model measured efficacy in the respondent 12.5%. Pilot testing established a suitable track protocol for a progressive /O2 peak skating test (ISE test). 20 skaters performed the ISE test, running and laboratory V02 peak tests. 11 skaters repeated the ISE test twice. 10 skaters performed a videoed competitive routine simulation and 10 skaters performed Axels before and after an exhaustive drill. In both instances physiological, quantitative, qualitative and ISE " O2 peak were measured. RESULTS: Coaches rated their knowledge lowest and identified least methods of erudition available in "Testing" and "Biomechanics". Objective measurement identified mean coaching efficacy at 30%. ISE test VO2 peak was lower (p<0.002) but highly correlated (p<0.01) to laboratory V02. Linear regression adjusted ISE test values. Retrial repeatability fell between Bland and Altman limits. On ice "O2 peak was independent of routine heart rate and post exercise blood lactate but correlated to Axel take off (p<0.05) and height (p<0.01). These correlations were consistent in Axels' post exhaustive exercise (p<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Testing is a coaching deficit which would benefit from research. The ISE test provides valid and repeatable V02 peak measures. Higher V02 peak does not reduce routine stress but influences Axel performance. Higher aerobic capacity improves Axel performance under physiological stress
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available