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Title: America, Britain and the Cyprus Crisis of 1974 : calculated conspiracy or foreign policy failure?
Author: Constandinos, Andreas John Louis
ISNI:       0000 0003 8525 436X
Awarding Body: University of East Anglia
Current Institution: University of East Anglia
Date of Award: 2008
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By examining recently released and declassified government documents, this thesis examines the roles of Britain and the United States during the Cyprus crisis of 1974, focusing on the background to, and circumstances of, the Greek-sponsored coup which overthrew President Makarios and was subsequently used as a pretext for the Turkish invasion of the island. Thirty-four years later, Cyprus remains divided and Nicosia remains the world's last divided capital city. The thesis provides an empirical study of the diplomatic and strategic underpinnings of both British and American policy towards this small yet strategically valuable island in the Eastern Mediterranean. It questions the previously expounded conspiracy theories of US/CIA involvement in the anti-Makarios coup as well as Whitehall and Washington's alleged collusion in Turkey's subsequent invasion of the island. The method employed is primarily an analysis of British and American policy-making towards Cyprus. It draws upon British and American government records, including Cabinet and Cabinet Committee papers, Foreign Office and Ministry of Defence records, NSC, CIA and State Department files as well as the papers of key individuals, such as US Secretary of State, Dr. Henry Kissinger. This is further supplemented by research conducted in Nicosia, by the use of published official sources, memoirs, diaries and valuable oral testimony.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available